The Basics of Football


Football is a game of rules and strategy. It’s a relatively easy sport to understand and learn, although it can seem complex at first glance due to its high level of skill.

Object of the game is to move the ball towards the other team’s end zone by running, passing or kicking the ball. Once in the other team’s end zone, the team receives points (called touchdowns) for the amount of distance travelled and can try to add additional points with a conversion attempt after a touchdown by kicking or running it into the goal posts.

Teams consist of eleven players on the field at any time. The team’s lineup varies depending on what play the coach calls, but there are a few standard positions: quarterback, running back, fullback, tight end and wide receiver.

A quarterback is in charge of the game and determines when and how to run or pass the ball. The quarterback can also hand the ball off to a running back, fullback, tight end or wide receiver.

The defense’s job is to stop the offense by tackling players who are carrying the ball and preventing them from scoring points. They can also force the offense to commit a turnover (fumble, interception or a turn over on downs) or punt the ball away.

Penalties are issued by referees and indicated with yellow flags on the field. They normally result in the offending team losing between 5 and 15 yards of field position.